culinary adj : of or relating to or used in cooking
Etymologyculina: kitchen. Old English, cyln: cooking. The first written appearance of culinary was in 1638, suggested to be reintroduced from classical Latin by 16h century humanists.
- Krueger, Dennis (December 1982). "Why On Earth Do They Call It Throwing?" Studio Potter Vol. 11, Number 1.http://www.studiopotter.org/articles/?art=art0001
Culinary art is the art of cooking. The word "culinary" is defined as something related to, or connected with, cooking or kitchens. A culinarian is a person working in the culinary arts. A culinarian working in restaurants is commonly known as a cook or a chef. Culinary artists are responsible for skillfully preparing meals that are as pleasing to the palate as to the eye. Increasingly they are required to have a knowledge of the science of food and an understanding of diet and nutrition. They work primarily in restaurants, fast food Chain store franchises, delicatessens, hospitals and other institutions and corporations. Kitchen conditions vary depending on the type of business, restaurant, nursing home etc.
Careers in culinary arts
Possible careersThere are a wide variety of opportunities in the culinary arts profession. Below is a non-exhaustive list of some opportunities available to those interested in working as culinary professionals.
- Chef and Cooks - Work directly with the preparation of food for service in various establishments including full-service restaurants, catering facilities, institutional dining, corporate dining, and other various venues.
- Dining Room Service
- Food and Beverage Managers'' - Manage all food and beverage outlets in hotels and other large establishments
- Food and Beverage Controllers - Purchase and source ingredients in large hotels as well as manage the stores and stock control.
- Consultants and Design Specialists - Works with restaurant owners in development of menus, layout and design of dining room and establishing kitchen protocols.
- Salespeople''' - Introduce chefs and business owners to new products and are able to demonstrate the proper use of equipment. They may sell any range of products needed in the industry from various food products to equipment.
- Teachers - Train future culinary professionals with their experience in the classroom.
- Food Writers and Food Critics - Establish a public contact with the public on food trends, chefs and restaurants. Many write for newspapers, magazines and some publish books. Notables in this field include Julia Child, Craig Claiborne and James Beard.
- Food Stylists and Photographers - Work with magazines, books, catalogs and promotional and advertising to make them visually appealing.
- Research and Development Kitchens - Develop new products for commercial manufacturers, they can also be test kitchens for publications or others can be kitchens for restaurant chains or grocery chains.
- Entrepreneurship. Many culinarians develop their own business with examples including restaurants, bakeries, speciality food manufacture (chocolates, cheese etc).
Occupational outlookThe occupation outlook for chefs, restaurant managers, dieticians, and nutritionists is fairly good, with "as fast as the average" growth. Increasingly a college education with formal qualifications is required for success in this field.
Culinary Art International Colleges of Education
- North Shore International Academy, Auckland, New Zealand
- School of Culinary Arts and Food Technology, DIT, Dublin, Ireland
- California School of Culinary Arts Pasadena
- Orlando Culinary Academy
- Texas Culinary Academy
- Pennsylvania Culinary Institute
- The Cooking and Hospitality Institute of Chicago
- Lincoln College of Technology
- The Culinary Institute of America
- Scottsdale Culinary Institute
- International Centre for Culinary Arts, Dubai (ICCA Dubai)
- International Culinary School at The Art Institutes (many locations)
- The Culinary Institute of Canada (Charlottetown, PE)
- Le Cordon Bleu College Of Culinary Arts, Las Vegas
- Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts, Atlanta
- Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts, Minneapolis-St. Paul
- Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts, Miami
- Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts, Dallas
- The Restaurant School,Philadelphia,Pa
- Beal, Eileen. Choosing a career in the restaurant industry. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 1997.
- Institute for Research. Careers and jobs in the restaurant business: jobs, management, ownership. Chicago: The Institute, 1977.
Works CitedMcBride, Kate, ed. The Professional Chef/ the Culinary Institute of America, 8th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, INC, 2006.
culinary in Arabic: فنون الطبخ
culinary in French: Art culinaire
culinary in Hebrew: קולינריה